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What is a Residential Care Facility?

Tucked into regular neighborhoods, residential care homes provide non-medical custodial care for elderly adults. Typically in a single family residence, residential care homes usually serve between two and ten patients, and offer a home-like setting for people who need assisted living but might be intimidated by larger communities.

Also called board and care homes, adult family homes, and residential care facilities for the elderly, this is a live-in housing and care option for people who do not have skilled medical needs, such as a feeding tube or daily injections. Generally, a residential care home provides the following:

  • A private room
  • Home-cooked meals
  • Varying levels of assistance with daily living activities, such as toileting, bathing, dressing and grooming.
  • Custodial care, such as laundry and housekeeping
  • Reminders to take medications


Adult family homes are wonderful alternatives for individuals looking for a smaller-home-like setting. Additionally, there is usually a high staff-to-patient ratio, which is typically higher than the same ratio in a nursing home or assisted living community. Most often there is one caregiver for every three or four residents.

To watch a video about the Residential Care Home model please click here: click here

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